In June 1994, former President Jimmy Carter traveled to
The June 1994 Carter-Kim Il Sung meeting was the archetype of North Korea's nuclear negotiation strategy, revealing both the ultimate goal of the nuclear crisis (establishing normalized relations with the United States) and the place where decisions can actually be made in the North (in the person of the leader alone).
This latter pattern has been repeated by Kim Jong Il, successor to the North Korean founder. In a 2000 meeting between Kim Jong Il and then Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Kim unilaterally offered a moratorium on North Korean missile tests. And during a 2002 visit by then Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, Kim suddenly admitted the North Korean program of kidnapping Japanese citizens and
It is the prerogative of the leader in